The DevLab research agenda currently contains 4 focus areas:
These areas are captured into a number of projects DevLab is leading or participating in.
MyriaNed (Myriad: classical Greek name for the number 10.000)
In a number of projects the wireless sensor networks platform MyriaNed is used. MyriaNed, developped by DevLab, is a networking concept with the following charachteristics: wireless, scalable (up to 10.000), dynamic, low energy consumption, small form factor, low price, without hierarchy. MyriaNed runs a "Gossip" protocol, which spreads rumours (messages) in a network of nodes. There is no central authority, so there is no problem if some nodes fail their function. The messages will propagate through the network along the working nodes. Nodes may join and leave the network dynamically.
This MyriaNed concept results in a network with a totally different behaviour compared to the well known networks. This leads to a new approach for many applications.
Click to read more about MyriaNed, a gossiping wireless sensor network
AtalantaAtalanta is a mechatronic butterfly who is capable of configuring and adapting itself and fly around in an environment such as a home, office, boat, car etc. The Atalanta is self-supporting with respect to energy management, localization and navigation. This project has challenges in many areas, such as low-energy consumption, advanced power supply, micro actuators, wireless communication and swarm behaviour, sensors for in-flight navigation and localization.
Goal of this project is not the realization of a final product, but the spin-off and knowledge created in the research and prototyping phase.
DEMANESDesign, Monitoring and Operation of Adaptive Networked Embedded Systems
Large scale societal challenges require large scale monitoring and control solutions. Technological developments will make it possible to design and build these large systems. A major obstacle in realizing these systems is the lack of a versatile methodology to design and implement adaptive monitoring and control systems taking into account intrinsic properties of system of systems (decentralization, dynamic requirements, continuous evolution and changing components).
The goal of DEMANES is to provide component-based methods, framework and tools for development of runtime adaptive systems, making them capable of reacting to changes in themselves, in their environment (battery state, availability and throughput of the network connection, availability of external services, etc.) and in user needs (requirements).
For more detailed infomration go to the DEMANES website
WalnutWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are widely seen as a key enabling technology to create an "internet of things" which can support numerous new applications. Once the sensor nodes are very cheap and small, "smart dust" networks might even become a reality. Such WSNs should preferably work autonomously, creating ad-hoc networks. They should also consume very low power to allow for battery-less operation of sensor nodes via energy harvesting. Recent research results indicate that this is only feasible using communication protocols that allow for very low-duty-cycle operation (such as MyriaNed), bringing average power down a few hundred μW. Still, for energy harvesting less power and hence lower duty-cycle is desired.
In this project we intend to focus on the communication robustness problem while maintaining or even reducing low power consumption, compatible with energy harvesting. We propose to explore wideband modulation to enable robust wireless communication in a crowded, interference-rich
environment. Spread spectrum techniques use wideband modulation and can provide such robustness.
The goal of the project is to develop robust (Walnut: "hard to crack") radio links for WSNs that operate in an extremely crowded radio spectrum, at very low power.
EWiDSExtreme Wireless Distributed Systems
The EWiDS project will develop and test large-scale wireless (sensor/actuator) networks to be used in practical applications such as crowd control or assisted living. The system is meant for scenarios in which (large groups of) people need to be monitored and managed, for instances in busy areas such as museums and train stations, or simply at home.
The aim is to improve safety and confort of individuals. First, the system must collect and interpret social interactions and physical movements. Second, it must be able to influence people's behaviour, in order to help avoid problems and manage flows of people.
EWiDS is part of COMMIT, a massive consortium of 10 Dutch universities, and over 80 small and large businesses, research companies and non-profit organizations. The program consists of 16 projects in different areas in ICT, such as search engines, parallel computing, embedded systems and databases. The projects focus on pressing socio-economic issues, such as health and well-being, public safety and science.
FireSwarmIn the spring of 2011, several fires scourged the dune area in the province Noord-Holland. Such large fires in natural reserves are difficult to locate and monitor. Even when witnesses report smoke, the fire department has a difficult time accessing the area and finding the actual site. Personnel has to move into the area, which can be dangerous because of toxic smoke and fast-moving fire.
It is important to speed up and improve detection and localisation of fires. If not spotted and combatted in time, large dune fires can be quite a disaster, both socially, economically and environmentally. The FireSwarm project brings together the Bergen Fire Department, the Safety Region Noord-Holland-Noord, and several academic and technology partners to solve this problem.
FireSwam proposes to use robots to take over the dangerous task of detecting and monitoring large fires. FireSwarm will introduce swarms of small, autonomous flying robots: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, or UAV's. UAV's are already being used in several comparable application areas, but these projects use large, expensive drones. FireSwarm will use smaller, cheaper drones, which has several advantages.
A large swarm of small drones can cover much more ground than a single UAV, and individual drones are expendable, both technically and financially. A swarm is also highly scalable: if the area to be covered is bigger, you can simply launch more drones. Finally, small drones are safer; they cause less harm if they crash.
The project members are Almende, TU Delft, RUG, EagleVision, the Bergen Firedepartment and Devlab.
The Devlab partners participating are SallandElectronics (lead), KITT Engineering, Vitelec and van Mierlo.
StormThe project Sensor Technology On Radio Modules (Storm) is divided into technical activities and two application projects. The technical activities will define a modular archtecture of both hard- and software building blocks of the MyriaNed WSN platform in such a way that it can be used for a large number of applications. In order to prove this concept, the application projects will realize demonstrators for a track&trace and greenhouse application.
The greenhouse application will measure light intensity, temperature, moisture and CO2 concentration and the grow rate of the vegetation in order to search for optimal growing conditions in good balans with energy consumption.
The track&trace application will dynamically locate and follow soccer players for game analysis purposes, metric deduction etc. This is a very challenging application with respect to the high dynamics in a sporting game, the locational accuracy and the requirement of unvisible and unfeelable presence of a sensor node on every player.
Experiment Innovation AllianceThis project will search for relevant markets for wireless sensor network applications in order to form alliances, new developments, business models with a variety of solutions to deal with intellectual property rights. DevLab takes the lead in a consortium with Philips, Fontys and Hogeschool Zuyd. A large number of stakeholders will contribute to the project, e.g. by participating in workshops. At the end the project will present its results in a mini symposium.
MetaVerse1The MetaVerse1 project provides a standardized global framework enabling the interoperabillity between Virtual Worlds (Second Life, Active Worlds, Google Earth and many others) and the real world (sensors, actuators, vision and rendering, social and welfare systems, banking, insurance, travel, real estate and many others). These standards will form the input for the MPEG-V standardization group. It is foreseen that the Metaverse will be the start of the next revolution of the internet and related technologies and will become a major source of information, services, education, and entertainment in the society. MetaVerse1 is an international ITEA2 project, lead by Philips and Metaverse Labs. The 28 partners come from 8 European countries. The Dutch part of the consortium consists of Philips, DevLab, Stichting Electronic-Highway Platform Nederland EPN, Technical University Eindhoven TU/e, University of Twente UT, University of Utrecht and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam VU.
CCF2 - Independent LivingThis project will develop a central service platform in order to offer services to elderly people. The services will vary from social interaction, security, healthcare and will be offered indoor and outdoor. This service platform enables people to live independent and postpones the moment that people have to move into an elderly home. By measuring a number of parameters by our MyriaNed Wireless Sensor Network, a translation can be made to the most suitable services or forms of care. The consortium is lead by Philips Research and consists of NH Hotels, Orbis, TU/e and the DevLab partners Almende, Chess, Connect and NBG Industrial Automation.
AlwenAlwen stands for "Ambient Living with Embedded Networks".
The projects goal is to combine body sensors, ambient sensors, wireless networks and telemedicine into a solution for a new approach on care. Alwen focusses on elderly people and their wish to live as independent as possible despite their health restrictions. The Alwen consortium is lead by DevLab and consists of universities (TUD, TU/e, UT, VU Amsterdam), research institutes (ESI, Roessingh R&D) and industry partners (Philips, Holst Centre and DevLab partners: Almende, Alten-PTS, Chess Connect, Mediatronix, van Mierlo ingenieursbureau, Nanosens, NBG Industrial Automation, Salland Electronics and Vitelec).